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Name

sd_journal_stream_fd — Create log stream file descriptor to the journal

Synopsis

#include <systemd/sd-journal.h>
int sd_journal_stream_fd(const char *identifier,
 int priority,
 int level_prefix);
 

Description

sd_journal_stream_fd() may be used to create a log stream file descriptor. Log messages written to this file descriptor as simple newline-separated text strings are written to the journal. This file descriptor can be used internally by applications or be made standard output or standard error of other processes executed.

sd_journal_stream_fd() takes a short program identifier string as first argument, which will be written to the journal as _SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER= field for each log entry (see systemd.journal-fields(7) for more information). The second argument shall be the default priority level for all messages. The priority level is one of LOG_EMERG, LOG_ALERT, LOG_CRIT, LOG_ERR, LOG_WARNING, LOG_NOTICE, LOG_INFO, LOG_DEBUG, as defined in syslog.h, see syslog(3) for details. The third argument is a boolean: if true kernel-style log priority level prefixes (such as SD_WARNING) are interpreted, see sd-daemon(3) for more information.

It is recommended that applications log UTF-8 messages only with this API, but this is not enforced.

Return Value

The call returns a valid write-only file descriptor on success or a negative errno-style error code.

Notes

The sd_journal_stream_fd() interface is available as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

Examples

Creating a log stream suitable for fprintf(3):

#include <syslog.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <systemd/sd-journal.h>
#include <systemd/sd-daemon.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        int fd;
        FILE *log;
        fd = sd_journal_stream_fd("test", LOG_INFO, 1);
        if (fd < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create stream fd: %s\n", strerror(-fd));
                return 1;
        }
        log = fdopen(fd, "w");
        if (!log) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create file object: %m\n");
                close(fd);
                return 1;
        }
        fprintf(log, "Hello World!\n");
        fprintf(log, SD_WARNING "This is a warning!\n");
        fclose(log);
        return 0;
}

See Also

systemd(1), sd-journal(3), sd-daemon(3), sd_journal_print(3), syslog(3), fprintf(3), systemd.journal-fields(7)