systemd-cgtop — Show top control groups by their resource usage
systemd-cgtop [OPTIONS...] [GROUP]
systemd-cgtop shows the top control groups of the local Linux control group hierarchy, ordered by their CPU, memory, or disk I/O load. The display is refreshed in regular intervals (by default every 1s), similar in style to top(1). If a control group path is specified, shows only the services of the specified control group.
If systemd-cgtop is not connected to a
tty, no column headers are printed and the default is to only run
one iteration. The
--iterations= argument, if
given, is honored. This mode is suitable for scripting.
Resource usage is only accounted for control groups with the appropriate controllers turned on:
cpu" controller for CPU usage, "
memory" controller for memory usage,
io" controller for disk I/O consumption. If resource monitoring for these resources
is required, it is recommended to add the
IOAccounting=1 settings in the unit files in
The CPU load value can be between 0 and 100 times the number of
processors the system has. For example, if the system has 8 processors,
the CPU load value is going to be between 0% and 800%. The number of
processors can be found in "
To emphasize: unless "
IOAccounting=1" are enabled for the services in question, no resource accounting will
be available for system services and the data shown by systemd-cgtop will be
The following options are understood:
Order by control group path name.
Order by number of tasks/processes in the control group.
Order by CPU load.
Order by memory usage.
Order by disk I/O load.
Run in "batch" mode: do not accept input and
run until the iteration limit set with
--iterations= is exhausted or until killed.
This mode could be useful for sending output from
systemd-cgtop to other programs or to a
Format byte counts (as in memory usage and I/O metrics) and CPU time with raw numeric values rather than human-readable numbers.
Controls whether the CPU usage is shown as percentage or time. By default, the CPU usage is shown as percentage. This setting may also be toggled at runtime by pressing the % key.
Count only userspace processes instead of all
tasks. By default, all tasks are counted: each kernel thread
and each userspace thread individually. With this setting,
kernel threads are excluded from the counting and each
userspace process only counts as one, regardless how many
threads it consists of. This setting may also be toggled at
runtime by pressing the P key. This option
may not be combined with
Count only userspace processes and kernel
threads instead of all tasks. By default, all tasks are
counted: each kernel thread and each userspace thread
individually. With this setting, kernel threads are included in
the counting and each userspace process only counts as on one,
regardless how many threads it consists of. This setting may
also be toggled at runtime by pressing the k
key. This option may not be combined with
Controls whether the number of processes shown
for a control group shall include all processes that are
contained in any of the child control groups as well. Takes a
boolean argument, which defaults to "
enabled, the processes in child control groups are included, if
disabled, only the processes in the control group itself are
counted. This setting may also be toggled at runtime by
pressing the r key. Note that this setting
only applies to process counting, i.e. when the
-k options are
used. It has not effect if all tasks are counted, in which
case the counting is always recursive.
Perform only this many iterations. A value of 0 indicates that the program should run indefinitely.
A shortcut for
Specify refresh delay in seconds (or if one of
min" is specified as unit in this time
unit). This setting may also be increased and decreased at
runtime by pressing the + and
Maximum control group tree traversal depth. Specifies how deep systemd-cgtop shall traverse the control group hierarchies. If 0 is specified, only the root group is monitored. For 1, only the first level of control groups is monitored, and so on. Defaults to 3.
Limit control groups shown to the part
corresponding to the container
This option may not be used when a control group path is specified.
systemd-cgtop is an interactive tool and may be controlled via user input using the following keys:
Shows a short help text.
Immediately refresh output.
Terminate the program.
Sort the control groups by path, number of
tasks, CPU load, memory usage, or I/O load, respectively. This
setting may also be controlled using the
--order= command line
Toggle between showing CPU time as time or
percentage. This setting may also be controlled using the
--cpu= command line switch.
Increase or decrease refresh delay,
respectively. This setting may also be controlled using the
--delay= command line
Toggle between counting all tasks, or only
userspace processes. This setting may also be controlled using
-P command line switch (see
Toggle between counting all tasks, or only
userspace processes and kernel threads. This setting may also
be controlled using the
-k command line
switch (see above).
Toggle between recursively including or
excluding processes in child control groups in control group
process counts. This setting may also be controlled using the
--recursive= command line switch. This key is
not available if all tasks are counted, it is only available
if processes are counted, as enabled with the
P or k
On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.