systemd-cryptsetup, systemd-cryptsetup@.service — Full disk decryption logic
systemd-cryptsetup [OPTIONS...] attach VOLUME SOURCE-DEVICE [KEY-FILE] [CONFIG]
systemd-cryptsetup [OPTIONS...] detach VOLUME
systemd-cryptsetup is used to set up (with attach) and tear
down (with detach) access to an encrypted block device. It is primarily used via
systemd-cryptsetup@.service during early boot, but may also be be called manually.
The positional arguments
CRYPTTAB-OPTIONS have the same meaning as the
fields in crypttab(5).
systemd-cryptsetup@.service is a service responsible for providing access to
encrypted block devices. It is instantiated for each device that requires decryption.
systemd-cryptsetup@.service instances are part of the
system-systemd\x2dcryptsetup.slice slice, which is destroyed only very late in the
shutdown procedure. This allows the encrypted devices to remain up until filesystems have been unmounted.
systemd-cryptsetup@.service will ask
for hard disk passwords via the password agent logic, in
order to query the user for the password using the right mechanism at boot
and during runtime.
At early boot and when the system manager configuration is reloaded,
systemd-cryptsetup@.service units by
In order to unlock a volume a password or binary key is required.
systemd-cryptsetup@.service tries to acquire a suitable password or binary key via
the following mechanisms, tried in order:
If a key file is explicitly configured (via the third column in
/etc/crypttab), a key read from it is used. If a PKCS#11 token, FIDO2 token or
TPM2 device is configured (using the
tpm2-device= options) the key is decrypted before use.
If no key file is configured explicitly this way, a key file is automatically loaded
/run/cryptsetup-keys.d/, if present. Here
too, if a PKCS#11/FIDO2/TPM2 token/device is configured, any key found this way is decrypted before
try-empty-password option is specified then unlocking the
volume with an empty password is attempted.
The kernel keyring is then checked for a suitable cached password from previous attempts.
Finally, the user is queried for a password, possibly multiple times, unless
headless option is set.
If no suitable key may be acquired via any of the mechanisms describes above, volume activation fails.