Index · Directives systemd 256


sd_device_ref, sd_device_unref, sd_device_unrefp — Create or destroy references to a device object


#include <systemd/sd-device.h>
sd_device* sd_device_ref(sd_device *device);
sd_device* sd_device_unref(sd_device *device);
void sd_device_unrefp(sd_device **device);

sd_device_ref() increases the internal reference counter of device by one.

sd_device_unref() decreases the internal reference counter of device by one. Once the reference count has dropped to zero, device is destroyed and cannot be used anymore, so further calls to sd_device_ref() or sd_device_unref() are illegal.

sd_device_unrefp() is similar to sd_device_unref() but takes a pointer to a pointer to an sd_device object. This call is useful in conjunction with GCC's and LLVM's Clean-up Variable Attribute. Note that this function is defined as an inline function. Use a declaration like the following, in order to allocate a device object that is freed automatically as the code block is left:

  __attribute__((cleanup(sd_device_unrefp))) sd_device *device = NULL;
  int r;
  r = sd_device_new_from_syspath(&device, "…");
  if (r < 0) {
    errno = -r;
    fprintf(stderr, "Failed to allocate device: %m\n");

sd_device_ref() and sd_device_unref() execute no operation if the argument is NULL. sd_device_unrefp() will first dereference its argument, which must not be NULL, and will execute no operation if that is NULL.

Return Value

sd_device_ref() always returns the argument, and sd_device_unref() always returns NULL.


sd_device_ref(), sd_device_unref(), and sd_device_unrefp() were added in version 251.