networkctl — Query or modify the status of network links
networkctl [OPTIONS...] COMMAND [LINK...]
networkctl may be used to query or modify the state of the network links as seen by systemd-networkd. Please refer to systemd-networkd.service(8) for an introduction to the basic concepts, functionality, and configuration syntax.
The following commands are understood:
Show a list of existing links and their status. If one or more
PATTERNs are specified, only links matching one of them are shown.
If no further arguments are specified shows all links,
otherwise just the specified links. Produces output similar to:
IDX LINK TYPE OPERATIONAL SETUP 1 lo loopback carrier unmanaged 2 eth0 ether routable configured 3 virbr0 ether no-carrier unmanaged 4 virbr0-nic ether off unmanaged 4 links listed.
The operational status is one of the following:
The device is missing.
The device is powered down.
The device is powered up, but does not yet have a carrier.
The device has a carrier, but is not yet ready for normal traffic.
One of the bonding or bridge slave network interfaces is in off, no-carrier, or dormant state, and the master interface has no address.
The link has carrier, or for bond or bridge master, all bonding or bridge slave network interfaces are enslaved to the master.
The link has carrier and addresses valid on the local link configured. For bond or bridge master this means that not all slave network interfaces have carrier but at least one does.
The link has carrier and is enslaved to bond or bridge master network interface.
The link has carrier and routable address configured. For bond or bridge master it is not necessary for all slave network interfaces to have carrier, but at least one must.
The setup status is one of the following:
systemd-udevd(8) is still processing the link, we don't yet know if we will manage it.
systemd-udevd(8) has processed the link, but we don't yet know if we will manage it.
Configuration for the link is being retrieved or the link is being configured.
Link has been configured successfully.
systemd-networkd is not handling the link.
systemd-networkd failed to configure the link.
The link is gone, but has not yet been dropped by systemd-networkd.
Show information about the specified links: type, state, kernel module driver, hardware and
IP address, configured DNS servers, etc. If one or more
specified, only links matching one of them are shown.
When no links are specified, an overall network status is shown. Also see the option
Produces output similar to:
● State: routable Online state: online Address: 10.193.76.5 on eth0 192.168.122.1 on virbr0 169.254.190.105 on eth0 fe80::5054:aa:bbbb:cccc on eth0 Gateway: 10.193.11.1 (CISCO SYSTEMS, INC.) on eth0 DNS: 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168
In the overall network status, the online state depends on the individual online state of all required links. Managed links are required for online by default. In this case, the online state is one of the following:
Show discovered LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) neighbors. If one or more
PATTERNs are specified only neighbors on those interfaces are shown.
Otherwise shows discovered neighbors on all interfaces. Note that for this feature to work,
LLDP= must be turned on for the specific interface, see
Produces output similar to:
LINK CHASSIS ID SYSTEM NAME CAPS PORT ID PORT DESCRIPTION enp0s25 00:e0:4c:00:00:00 GS1900 ..b........ 2 Port #2 Capability Flags: o - Other; p - Repeater; b - Bridge; w - WLAN Access Point; r - Router; t - Telephone; d - DOCSIS cable device; a - Station; c - Customer VLAN; s - Service VLAN, m - Two-port MAC Relay (TPMR) 1 neighbors listed.
Produces output similar to:
Prefix/Prefixlen Label ::/0 1 fc00::/7 5 fec0::/10 11 2002::/16 2 3ffe::/16 12 2001:10::/28 7 2001::/32 6 ::ffff:0.0.0.0/96 4 ::/96 3 ::1/128 0
Deletes virtual netdevs. Takes interface name or index number.
Bring devices up. Takes interface name or index number.
Bring devices down. Takes interface name or index number.
Renew dynamic configurations e.g. addresses received from DHCP server. Takes interface name or index number.
Send a FORCERENEW message to all connected clients, triggering DHCP reconfiguration. Takes interface name or index number.
Reconfigure network interfaces. Takes interface name or index number. Note that
this does not reload
corresponding to the specified interface. So, if you edit config files, it is necessary to call
networkctl reload first to apply new settings.
If a new
.netdev file is found, then the corresponding netdev is created.
Note that even if an existing
.netdev is modified or removed,
systemd-networkd does not update or remove the netdev.
If a new, modified or removed
.network file is found, then all interfaces
which match the file are reconfigured.
Edit network configuration files, which include
.link files. If no network config file
matching the given name is found, a new one will be created under
Specially, if the name is prefixed by "
@", it will be treated as
a network interface, and editing will be performed on the network config files associated
with it. Additionally, the interface name can be suffixed with "
:link", in order to choose the type of network config to operate on.
--drop-in= is specified, edit the drop-in file instead of
the main configuration file. Unless
--no-reload is specified,
systemd-networkd will be reloaded after the edit of the
.netdev files finishes.
The same applies for
.link files and
Note that the changed link settings are not automatically applied after reloading.
To achieve that, trigger uevents for the corresponding interface. Refer to
for more information.
Show network configuration files. This command honors
@" prefix in the same way as edit.
The following options are understood:
Show all links with status.
Show link statistics with status.
Do not ellipsize the output.
When used with status, controls the number of journal lines to show, counting from the most recent ones. Takes a positive integer argument. Defaults to 10.
When used with edit, edit the drop-in file
instead of the main configuration file.
Shows output formatted as JSON. Expects one of "
short" (for the
shortest possible output without any redundant whitespace or line breaks), "
(for a pretty version of the same, with indentation and line breaks) or "
off" (to turn
off JSON output, the default).
Do not print the legend, i.e. column headers and the footer with hints.
Do not pipe output into a pager.
On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.