sd_journal_open, sd_journal_open_directory, sd_journal_open_directory_fd, sd_journal_open_files, sd_journal_open_files_fd, sd_journal_open_namespace, sd_journal_close, sd_journal, SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY, SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY, SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM, SD_JOURNAL_CURRENT_USER, SD_JOURNAL_OS_ROOT, SD_JOURNAL_ALL_NAMESPACES, SD_JOURNAL_INCLUDE_DEFAULT_NAMESPACE, SD_JOURNAL_TAKE_DIRECTORY_FD — Open the system journal for reading
|const char *namespace,|
|const char *path,|
|const char **paths,|
sd_journal_open() opens the log journal
for reading. It will find all journal files automatically and
interleave them automatically when reading. As first argument it
takes a pointer to a
sd_journal pointer, which,
on success, will contain a journal context object. The second
argument is a flags field, which may consist of the following
flags ORed together:
makes sure only journal files generated on the local machine will
SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY makes sure
only volatile journal files will be opened, excluding those which
are stored on persistent storage.
SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM will cause journal files of
system services and the kernel (in opposition to user session
processes) to be opened.
SD_JOURNAL_CURRENT_USER will cause journal
files of the current user to be opened. If neither
SD_JOURNAL_CURRENT_USER are specified, all
journal file types will be opened.
sd_journal_open_namespace() is similar to
sd_journal_open() but takes an additional
that specifies which journal namespace to operate on. If specified as
NULL the call
is identical to
sd_journal_open(). If non-
NULL only data from
the namespace identified by the specified parameter is accessed. This call understands two additional
SD_JOURNAL_ALL_NAMESPACES is specified the
namespace parameter is ignored and all defined namespaces are accessed
SD_JOURNAL_INCLUDE_DEFAULT_NAMESPACE the specified namespace and
the default namespace are accessed but no others (this flag has no effect when
namespace is passed as
NULL). For details about journal
sd_journal_open_directory() is similar to
takes an absolute directory path as argument. All journal files in this directory will be opened and interleaved
automatically. This call also takes a flags argument. The flags parameters accepted by this call are
SD_JOURNAL_OS_ROOT is specified, journal
files are searched for below the usual
/run/log/journal relative to the specified path, instead of directly beneath it.
The other two flags limit which files are opened, the same as for
sd_journal_open_directory_fd() is similar to
sd_journal_open_directory(), but takes a file descriptor referencing a directory in the file
system instead of an absolute file system path. In addition to the flags accepted by
sd_journal_open_directory(), this function also accepts
specified, the function will take the ownership of the specified file descriptor on success, and it will be
sd_journal_close(), hence the caller of the function must not close the file
descriptor. When the flag is not specified,
sd_journal_close() will not close the file
descriptor, so the caller should close it after
sd_journal_open_files() is similar to
sd_journal_open() but takes a
NULL-terminated list of file paths to open. All files will be opened and interleaved
automatically. This call also takes a flags argument, but it must be passed as 0 as no flags are currently
understood for this call. Please note that in the case of a live journal, this function is only useful for
debugging, because individual journal files can be rotated at any moment, and the opening of specific files is
sd_journal_open_files_fd() is similar to
but takes an array of open file descriptors that must reference journal files, instead of an array of file system
paths. Pass the array of file descriptors as second argument, and the number of array entries in the third. The
flags parameter must be passed as 0.
sd_journal objects cannot be used in the
child after a fork. Functions which take a journal object as an
sd_journal_next() and others) will
-ECHILD after a fork.
sd_journal_close() will close the
journal context allocated with
sd_journal_open_directory() and free its
When opening the journal only journal files accessible to the calling user will be opened. If journal files are not accessible to the caller, this will be silently ignored.
for an example of how to iterate through the journal after opening
A journal context object returned by
sd_journal_open() references a specific
journal entry as current entry, similar to a
file seek index in a classic file system file, but without
absolute positions. It may be altered with
and related calls. The current entry position may be exported in
cursor strings, as accessible via
Cursor strings may be used to globally identify a specific journal
entry in a stable way and then later to seek to it (or if the
specific entry is not available locally, to its closest entry in
Notification of journal changes is available via
sd_journal_get_fd() and related calls.
sd_journal_open_files() calls return 0 on
success or a negative errno-style error code.
sd_journal_close() returns nothing.
All functions listed here are thread-agnostic and only a single specific thread may operate on a given object during its entire lifetime. It's safe to allocate multiple independent objects and use each from a specific thread in parallel. However, it's not safe to allocate such an object in one thread, and operate or free it from any other, even if locking is used to ensure these threads don't operate on it at the very same time.
Functions described here are available as a shared
library, which can be compiled against and linked to with the
sd_journal_close() were added in version 187.
sd_journal_open_files() was added in version 205.
sd_journal_open_files_fd() were added in version 230.
sd_journal_open_namespace() was added in version 245.