Index · Directives systemd 250


sd_event_get_fd — Obtain a file descriptor to poll for event loop events


#include <systemd/sd-event.h>
int sd_event_get_fd(sd_event *event);


sd_event_get_fd() returns the file descriptor that an event loop object returned by the sd_event_new(3) function uses to wait for events. This file descriptor may itself be polled for POLLIN/EPOLLIN events. This makes it possible to embed an sd-event(3) event loop into another, possibly foreign, event loop.

The returned file descriptor refers to an epoll(7) object. It is recommended not to alter it by invoking epoll_ctl(2) on it, in order to avoid interference with the event loop's inner logic and assumptions.

Return Value

On success, sd_event_get_fd() returns a non-negative file descriptor. On failure, it returns a negative errno-style error code.


Returned errors may indicate the following problems:


event is not a valid pointer to an sd_event structure.


The event loop has been created in a different process.


Example 1. Integration in the GLib event loop

/* SPDX-License-Identifier: CC0-1.0 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <glib.h>
#include <systemd/sd-event.h>

typedef struct SDEventSource {
  GSource source;
  GPollFD pollfd;
  sd_event *event;
} SDEventSource;

static gboolean event_prepare(GSource *source, gint *timeout_) {
  return sd_event_prepare(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0;

static gboolean event_check(GSource *source) {
  return sd_event_wait(((SDEventSource *)source)->event, 0) > 0;

static gboolean event_dispatch(GSource *source, GSourceFunc callback, gpointer user_data) {
  return sd_event_dispatch(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0;

static void event_finalize(GSource *source) {
  sd_event_unref(((SDEventSource *)source)->event);

static GSourceFuncs event_funcs = {
  .prepare = event_prepare,
  .check = event_check,
  .dispatch = event_dispatch,
  .finalize = event_finalize,

GSource *g_sd_event_create_source(sd_event *event) {
  SDEventSource *source;

  source = (SDEventSource *)g_source_new(&event_funcs, sizeof(SDEventSource));

  source->event = sd_event_ref(event);
  source->pollfd.fd = sd_event_get_fd(event);
  source-> = G_IO_IN | G_IO_HUP | G_IO_ERR;

  g_source_add_poll((GSource *)source, &source->pollfd);

  return (GSource *)source;


These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

See Also

sd-event(3), sd_event_new(3), sd_event_wait(3), epoll_ctl(2), epoll(7)