Generic values

Generic values — A polymorphic type that can hold values of any other type

Synopsis

#include <glib-object.h>

#define             G_VALUE_INIT
#define             G_VALUE_HOLDS                       (value,
                                                         type)
#define             G_VALUE_TYPE                        (value)
#define             G_VALUE_TYPE_NAME                   (value)
#define             G_TYPE_IS_VALUE                     (type)
#define             G_TYPE_IS_VALUE_ABSTRACT            (type)
#define             G_IS_VALUE                          (value)
                    GValue;
#define             G_TYPE_VALUE
#define             G_TYPE_VALUE_ARRAY
GValue *            g_value_init                        (GValue *value,
                                                         GType g_type);
void                g_value_copy                        (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);
GValue *            g_value_reset                       (GValue *value);
void                g_value_unset                       (GValue *value);
void                g_value_set_instance                (GValue *value,
                                                         gpointer instance);
gboolean            g_value_fits_pointer                (const GValue *value);
gpointer            g_value_peek_pointer                (const GValue *value);
gboolean            g_value_type_compatible             (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type);
gboolean            g_value_type_transformable          (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type);
gboolean            g_value_transform                   (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);
void                (*GValueTransform)                  (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);
void                g_value_register_transform_func     (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type,
                                                         GValueTransform transform_func);
gchar *             g_strdup_value_contents             (const GValue *value);

Description

The GValue structure is basically a variable container that consists of a type identifier and a specific value of that type. The type identifier within a GValue structure always determines the type of the associated value. To create a undefined GValue structure, simply create a zero-filled GValue structure. To initialize the GValue, use the g_value_init() function. A GValue cannot be used until it is initialized. The basic type operations (such as freeing and copying) are determined by the GTypeValueTable associated with the type ID stored in the GValue. Other GValue operations (such as converting values between types) are provided by this interface.

The code in the example program below demonstrates GValue's features.

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#include <glib-object.h>

static void
int2string (const GValue *src_value,
            GValue       *dest_value)
{
  if (g_value_get_int (src_value) == 42)
    g_value_set_static_string (dest_value, "An important number");
  else
    g_value_set_static_string (dest_value, "What's that?");
}

int
main (int   argc,
      char *argv[])
{
  /* GValues must be initialized */
  GValue a = G_VALUE_INIT;
  GValue b = G_VALUE_INIT;
  const gchar *message;

  g_type_init ();

  /* The GValue starts empty */
  g_assert (!G_VALUE_HOLDS_STRING (&a));

  /* Put a string in it */
  g_value_init (&a, G_TYPE_STRING);
  g_assert (G_VALUE_HOLDS_STRING (&a));
  g_value_set_static_string (&a, "Hello, world!");
  g_printf ("%s\n", g_value_get_string (&a));

  /* Reset it to its pristine state */
  g_value_unset (&a);

  /* It can then be reused for another type */
  g_value_init (&a, G_TYPE_INT);
  g_value_set_int (&a, 42);

  /* Attempt to transform it into a GValue of type STRING */
  g_value_init (&b, G_TYPE_STRING);

  /* An INT is transformable to a STRING */
  g_assert (g_value_type_transformable (G_TYPE_INT, G_TYPE_STRING));

  g_value_transform (&a, &b);
  g_printf ("%s\n", g_value_get_string (&b));

  /* Attempt to transform it again using a custom transform function */
  g_value_register_transform_func (G_TYPE_INT, G_TYPE_STRING, int2string);
  g_value_transform (&a, &b);
  g_printf ("%s\n", g_value_get_string (&b));
  return 0;
}

Details

G_VALUE_INIT

#define G_VALUE_INIT  { 0, { { 0 } } }

A GValue must be initialized before it can be used. This macro can be used as initializer instead of an explicit { 0 } when declaring a variable, but it cannot be assigned to a variable.

1
GValue value = G_VALUE_INIT;

Since 2.30


G_VALUE_HOLDS()

#define G_VALUE_HOLDS(value,type) (G_TYPE_CHECK_VALUE_TYPE ((value), (type)))

Checks if value holds (or contains) a value of type. This macro will also check for value != NULL and issue a warning if the check fails.

value :

A GValue structure.

type :

A GType value.

Returns :

TRUE if value holds the type.

G_VALUE_TYPE()

#define G_VALUE_TYPE(value)		(((GValue*) (value))->g_type)

Get the type identifier of value.

value :

A GValue structure.

Returns :

the GType.

G_VALUE_TYPE_NAME()

#define G_VALUE_TYPE_NAME(value) (g_type_name (G_VALUE_TYPE (value)))

Gets the the type name of value.

value :

A GValue structure.

Returns :

the type name.

G_TYPE_IS_VALUE()

#define G_TYPE_IS_VALUE(type)		(g_type_check_is_value_type (type))

Checks whether the passed in type ID can be used for g_value_init(). That is, this macro checks whether this type provides an implementation of the GTypeValueTable functions required for a type to create a GValue of.

type :

A GType value.

Returns :

Whether type is suitable as a GValue type.

G_TYPE_IS_VALUE_ABSTRACT()

#define G_TYPE_IS_VALUE_ABSTRACT(type)          (g_type_test_flags ((type), G_TYPE_FLAG_VALUE_ABSTRACT))

Checks if type is an abstract value type. An abstract value type introduces a value table, but can't be used for g_value_init() and is normally used as an abstract base type for derived value types.

type :

A GType value.

Returns :

TRUE on success.

G_IS_VALUE()

#define G_IS_VALUE(value)		(G_TYPE_CHECK_VALUE (value))

Checks if value is a valid and initialized GValue structure.

value :

A GValue structure.

Returns :

TRUE on success.

GValue

typedef struct {
} GValue;

An opaque structure used to hold different types of values. The data within the structure has protected scope: it is accessible only to functions within a GTypeValueTable structure, or implementations of the g_value_*() API. That is, code portions which implement new fundamental types. GValue users cannot make any assumptions about how data is stored within the 2 element data union, and the g_type member should only be accessed through the G_VALUE_TYPE() macro.


G_TYPE_VALUE

#define G_TYPE_VALUE (g_value_get_type ())

The type ID of the "GValue" type which is a boxed type, used to pass around pointers to GValues.


G_TYPE_VALUE_ARRAY

#define G_TYPE_VALUE_ARRAY (g_value_array_get_type ())

Warning

G_TYPE_VALUE_ARRAY has been deprecated since version 2.32 and should not be used in newly-written code. Use GArray instead of GValueArray

The type ID of the "GValueArray" type which is a boxed type, used to pass around pointers to GValueArrays.


g_value_init ()

GValue *            g_value_init                        (GValue *value,
                                                         GType g_type);

Initializes value with the default value of type.

value :

A zero-filled (uninitialized) GValue structure.

g_type :

Type the GValue should hold values of.

Returns :

the GValue structure that has been passed in. [transfer none]

g_value_copy ()

void                g_value_copy                        (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);

Copies the value of src_value into dest_value.

src_value :

An initialized GValue structure.

dest_value :

An initialized GValue structure of the same type as src_value.

g_value_reset ()

GValue *            g_value_reset                       (GValue *value);

Clears the current value in value and resets it to the default value (as if the value had just been initialized).

value :

An initialized GValue structure.

Returns :

the GValue structure that has been passed in

g_value_unset ()

void                g_value_unset                       (GValue *value);

Clears the current value in value and "unsets" the type, this releases all resources associated with this GValue. An unset value is the same as an uninitialized (zero-filled) GValue structure.

value :

An initialized GValue structure.

g_value_set_instance ()

void                g_value_set_instance                (GValue *value,
                                                         gpointer instance);

Sets value from an instantiatable type via the value_table's collect_value() function.

value :

An initialized GValue structure.

instance :

the instance. [allow-none]

g_value_fits_pointer ()

gboolean            g_value_fits_pointer                (const GValue *value);

Determines if value will fit inside the size of a pointer value. This is an internal function introduced mainly for C marshallers.

value :

An initialized GValue structure.

Returns :

TRUE if value will fit inside a pointer value.

g_value_peek_pointer ()

gpointer            g_value_peek_pointer                (const GValue *value);

value :

An initialized GValue structure.

Returns :

the value contents as pointer. This function asserts that g_value_fits_pointer() returned TRUE for the passed in value. This is an internal function introduced mainly for C marshallers. [transfer none]

g_value_type_compatible ()

gboolean            g_value_type_compatible             (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type);

Returns whether a GValue of type src_type can be copied into a GValue of type dest_type.

src_type :

source type to be copied.

dest_type :

destination type for copying.

Returns :

TRUE if g_value_copy() is possible with src_type and dest_type.

g_value_type_transformable ()

gboolean            g_value_type_transformable          (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type);

Check whether g_value_transform() is able to transform values of type src_type into values of type dest_type.

src_type :

Source type.

dest_type :

Target type.

Returns :

TRUE if the transformation is possible, FALSE otherwise.

g_value_transform ()

gboolean            g_value_transform                   (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);

Tries to cast the contents of src_value into a type appropriate to store in dest_value, e.g. to transform a G_TYPE_INT value into a G_TYPE_FLOAT value. Performing transformations between value types might incur precision lossage. Especially transformations into strings might reveal seemingly arbitrary results and shouldn't be relied upon for production code (such as rcfile value or object property serialization).

src_value :

Source value.

dest_value :

Target value.

Returns :

Whether a transformation rule was found and could be applied. Upon failing transformations, dest_value is left untouched.

GValueTransform ()

void                (*GValueTransform)                  (const GValue *src_value,
                                                         GValue *dest_value);

The type of value transformation functions which can be registered with g_value_register_transform_func().

src_value :

Source value.

dest_value :

Target value.

g_value_register_transform_func ()

void                g_value_register_transform_func     (GType src_type,
                                                         GType dest_type,
                                                         GValueTransform transform_func);

Registers a value transformation function for use in g_value_transform(). A previously registered transformation function for src_type and dest_type will be replaced.

src_type :

Source type.

dest_type :

Target type.

transform_func :

a function which transforms values of type src_type into value of type dest_type

g_strdup_value_contents ()

gchar *             g_strdup_value_contents             (const GValue *value);

Return a newly allocated string, which describes the contents of a GValue. The main purpose of this function is to describe GValue contents for debugging output, the way in which the contents are described may change between different GLib versions.

value :

GValue which contents are to be described.

Returns :

Newly allocated string.

See Also

The fundamental types which all support GValue operations and thus can be used as a type initializer for g_value_init() are defined by a separate interface. See the Standard Values API for details.