gstdataprotocol

gstdataprotocol — Serialization of caps, buffers and events.

Synopsis

#include <gst/dataprotocol/dataprotocol.h>

enum                GstDPHeaderFlag;
enum                GstDPPayloadType;
#define             GST_DP_HEADER_LENGTH
enum                GstDPVersion;
#define             GST_DP_VERSION_MAJOR
#define             GST_DP_VERSION_MINOR
void                gst_dp_init                         (void);
gboolean            (*GstDPHeaderFromBufferFunction)    (const GstBuffer *buffer,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header);
gboolean            (*GstDPPacketFromCapsFunction)      (const GstCaps *caps,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);
gboolean            (*GstDPPacketFromEventFunction)     (const GstEvent *event,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);
                    GstDPPacketizer;
GstDPPacketizer *   gst_dp_packetizer_new               (GstDPVersion version);
void                gst_dp_packetizer_free              (GstDPPacketizer *packetizer);
guint16             gst_dp_crc                          (const guint8 *buffer,
                                                         guint length);
guint32             gst_dp_header_payload_length        (const guint8 *header);
GstDPPayloadType    gst_dp_header_payload_type          (const guint8 *header);
gboolean            gst_dp_header_from_buffer           (const GstBuffer *buffer,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header);
gboolean            gst_dp_packet_from_caps             (const GstCaps *caps,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);
gboolean            gst_dp_packet_from_event            (const GstEvent *event,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);
GstBuffer *         gst_dp_buffer_from_header           (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header);
GstCaps *           gst_dp_caps_from_packet             (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);
GstEvent *          gst_dp_event_from_packet            (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);
gboolean            gst_dp_validate_header              (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header);
gboolean            gst_dp_validate_payload             (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);
gboolean            gst_dp_validate_packet              (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);

Description

This helper library provides serialization of GstBuffer, GstCaps and GstEvent structures.

This serialization is useful when GStreamer needs to interface with the outside world to transport data between distinct GStreamer pipelines. The connections with the outside world generally don't have mechanisms to transport properties of these structures.

For example, transporting buffers across named pipes or network connections doesn't maintain the buffer size and separation.

This data protocol assumes a reliable connection-oriented transport, such as TCP, a pipe, or a file. The protocol does not serialize the caps for each buffer; instead, it transport the caps only when they change in the stream. This implies that there will always be a caps packet before any buffer packets.

The versioning of the protocol is independent of GStreamer's version. The major number gets incremented, and the minor reset, for incompatible changes. The minor number gets incremented for compatible changes that allow clients who do not completely understand the newer protocol version to still decode what they do understand.

Version 0.2 serializes only a small subset of all events, with a custom payload for each type. Also, all GDP streams start with the initial caps packet.

Version 1.0 serializes all events by taking the string representation of the event as the payload. In addition, GDP streams can now start with events as well, as required by the new data stream model in GStreamer 0.10.

Converting buffers, caps and events to GDP buffers is done using a GstDPPacketizer object and invoking its packetizer functions. For backwards-compatibility reasons, the old 0.2 methods are still available but deprecated.

For reference, this image shows the byte layout of the GDP header:

Details

enum GstDPHeaderFlag

typedef enum {
  GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_NONE        = 0,
  GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC_HEADER  = (1 << 0),
  GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC_PAYLOAD = (1 << 1),
  GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC         = (1 << 1) | (1 << 0),
} GstDPHeaderFlag;

header flags for the dataprotocol.

GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_NONE

No flag present.

GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC_HEADER

a header CRC field is present.

GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC_PAYLOAD

a payload CRC field is present.

GST_DP_HEADER_FLAG_CRC

a CRC for header and payload is present.

enum GstDPPayloadType

typedef enum {
  GST_DP_PAYLOAD_NONE            = 0,
  GST_DP_PAYLOAD_BUFFER,
  GST_DP_PAYLOAD_CAPS,
  GST_DP_PAYLOAD_EVENT_NONE      = 64,
} GstDPPayloadType;

The GDP payload types. a GstEvent payload type is encoded with the event type number starting from GST_DP_PAYLOAD_EVENT_NONE.

GST_DP_PAYLOAD_NONE

Invalid payload type.

GST_DP_PAYLOAD_BUFFER

GstBuffer payload packet.

GST_DP_PAYLOAD_CAPS

GstCaps payload packet.

GST_DP_PAYLOAD_EVENT_NONE

First value of GstEvent payload packets.

GST_DP_HEADER_LENGTH

#define GST_DP_HEADER_LENGTH 62

The header size in bytes.


enum GstDPVersion

typedef enum {
  GST_DP_VERSION_0_2 = 1,
  GST_DP_VERSION_1_0,
} GstDPVersion;

The version of the GDP protocol being used.

GST_DP_VERSION_0_2

protocol version 0.2

GST_DP_VERSION_1_0

protocol version 1.0

GST_DP_VERSION_MAJOR

#define GST_DP_VERSION_MAJOR 0

The major version number of the GStreamer Data Protocol.


GST_DP_VERSION_MINOR

#define GST_DP_VERSION_MINOR 2

The minor version number of the GStreamer Data Protocol.


gst_dp_init ()

void                gst_dp_init                         (void);

Initialize GStreamer Data Protocol library.

Should be called before using these functions from source linking to this source file.


GstDPHeaderFromBufferFunction ()

gboolean            (*GstDPHeaderFromBufferFunction)    (const GstBuffer *buffer,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header);

GstDPPacketFromCapsFunction ()

gboolean            (*GstDPPacketFromCapsFunction)      (const GstCaps *caps,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);

GstDPPacketFromEventFunction ()

gboolean            (*GstDPPacketFromEventFunction)     (const GstEvent *event,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);

GstDPPacketizer

typedef struct {
  GstDPVersion version;

  GstDPHeaderFromBufferFunction header_from_buffer;
  GstDPPacketFromCapsFunction packet_from_caps;
  GstDPPacketFromEventFunction packet_from_event;
} GstDPPacketizer;

Data protocol packetizer handle.

GstDPVersion version;

the GstDPVersion of the protocol to be used

GstDPHeaderFromBufferFunction header_from_buffer;

buffer serializer function

GstDPPacketFromCapsFunction packet_from_caps;

caps serializer function

GstDPPacketFromEventFunction packet_from_event;

event serializer function

gst_dp_packetizer_new ()

GstDPPacketizer *   gst_dp_packetizer_new               (GstDPVersion version);

Creates a new packetizer.

version :

the GstDPVersion of the protocol to packetize for.

Returns :

a newly allocated GstDPPacketizer

gst_dp_packetizer_free ()

void                gst_dp_packetizer_free              (GstDPPacketizer *packetizer);

Free the given packetizer.

packetizer :

the GstDPPacketizer to free.

gst_dp_crc ()

guint16             gst_dp_crc                          (const guint8 *buffer,
                                                         guint length);

Calculate a CRC for the given buffer over the given number of bytes. This is only provided for verification purposes; typical GDP users will not need this function.

buffer :

array of bytes

length :

the length of buffer

Returns :

a two-byte CRC checksum.

gst_dp_header_payload_length ()

guint32             gst_dp_header_payload_length        (const guint8 *header);

Get the length of the payload described by header.

header :

the byte header of the packet array

Returns :

the length of the payload this header describes.

gst_dp_header_payload_type ()

GstDPPayloadType    gst_dp_header_payload_type          (const guint8 *header);

Get the type of the payload described by header.

header :

the byte header of the packet array

Returns :

the GstDPPayloadType the payload this header describes.

gst_dp_header_from_buffer ()

gboolean            gst_dp_header_from_buffer           (const GstBuffer *buffer,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header);

Warning

gst_dp_header_from_buffer is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code. use a GstDPPacketizer

Creates a GDP header from the given buffer.

buffer :

a GstBuffer to create a header for

flags :

the GstDPHeaderFlag to create the header with

length :

a guint pointer to store the header length in

header :

a guint8 * pointer to store a newly allocated header byte array in

Returns :

TRUE if the header was successfully created.

gst_dp_packet_from_caps ()

gboolean            gst_dp_packet_from_caps             (const GstCaps *caps,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);

Warning

gst_dp_packet_from_caps is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code. use a GstDPPacketizer

Creates a GDP packet from the given caps.

caps :

a GstCaps to create a packet for

flags :

the GstDPHeaderFlag to create the header with

length :

a guint pointer to store the header length in

header :

a guint8 pointer to store a newly allocated header byte array in

payload :

a guint8 pointer to store a newly allocated payload byte array in

Returns :

TRUE if the packet was successfully created.

gst_dp_packet_from_event ()

gboolean            gst_dp_packet_from_event            (const GstEvent *event,
                                                         GstDPHeaderFlag flags,
                                                         guint *length,
                                                         guint8 **header,
                                                         guint8 **payload);

Warning

gst_dp_packet_from_event is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code. use a GstDPPacketizer

Creates a GDP packet from the given event.

event :

a GstEvent to create a packet for

flags :

the GstDPHeaderFlag to create the header with

length :

a guint pointer to store the header length in

header :

a guint8 pointer to store a newly allocated header byte array in

payload :

a guint8 pointer to store a newly allocated payload byte array in

Returns :

TRUE if the packet was successfully created.

gst_dp_buffer_from_header ()

GstBuffer *         gst_dp_buffer_from_header           (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header);

Creates a newly allocated GstBuffer from the given header. The buffer data needs to be copied into it before validating.

Use this function if you want to pre-allocate a buffer based on the packet header to read the packet payload in to.

This function does not check the header passed to it, use gst_dp_validate_header() first if the header data is unchecked.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

Returns :

A GstBuffer if the buffer was successfully created, or NULL.

gst_dp_caps_from_packet ()

GstCaps *           gst_dp_caps_from_packet             (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);

Creates a newly allocated GstCaps from the given packet.

This function does not check the arguments passed to it, use gst_dp_validate_packet() first if the header and payload data are unchecked.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

payload :

the byte array of the packet payload

Returns :

A GstCaps containing the caps represented in the packet, or NULL if the packet could not be converted.

gst_dp_event_from_packet ()

GstEvent *          gst_dp_event_from_packet            (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);

Creates a newly allocated GstEvent from the given packet.

This function does not check the arguments passed to it, use gst_dp_validate_packet() first if the header and payload data are unchecked.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

payload :

the byte array of the packet payload

Returns :

A GstEvent if the event was successfully created, or NULL if an event could not be read from the payload.

gst_dp_validate_header ()

gboolean            gst_dp_validate_header              (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header);

Validates the given packet header by checking the CRC checksum.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

Returns :

TRUE if the CRC matches, or no CRC checksum is present.

gst_dp_validate_payload ()

gboolean            gst_dp_validate_payload             (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);

Validates the given packet payload using the given packet header by checking the CRC checksum.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

payload :

the byte array of the packet payload

Returns :

TRUE if the CRC matches, or no CRC checksum is present.

gst_dp_validate_packet ()

gboolean            gst_dp_validate_packet              (guint header_length,
                                                         const guint8 *header,
                                                         const guint8 *payload);

Validates the given packet by checking version information and checksums.

header_length :

the length of the packet header

header :

the byte array of the packet header

payload :

the byte array of the packet payload

Returns :

TRUE if the packet validates.

See Also

GstCaps, GstEvent, GstBuffer