Index · Directives · Python · libudev · gudev systemd 212

Name

sd_login_monitor_new, sd_login_monitor_unref, sd_login_monitor_flush, sd_login_monitor_get_fd, sd_login_monitor_get_events, sd_login_monitor_get_timeout, sd_login_monitor — Monitor login sessions, seats, users and virtual machines/containers

Synopsis

#include <systemd/sd-login.h>
int sd_login_monitor_new(const char* category,
 sd_login_monitor** ret);
 
sd_login_monitor* sd_login_monitor_unref(sd_login_monitor* m);
 
int sd_login_monitor_flush(sd_login_monitor* m);
 
int sd_login_monitor_get_fd(sd_login_monitor* m);
 
int sd_login_monitor_get_events(sd_login_monitor* m);
 
int sd_login_monitor_get_timeout(sd_login_monitor* m,
 uint64_t* timeout_usec);
 

Description

sd_login_monitor_new() may be used to monitor login sessions, users, seats, and virtual machines/containers. Via a monitor object a file descriptor can be integrated into an application defined event loop which is woken up each time a user logs in, logs out or a seat is added or removed, or a session, user, seat or virtual machine/container changes state otherwise. The first parameter takes a string which can be "seat" (to get only notifications about seats being added, removed or changed), "session" (to get only notifications about sessions being created or removed or changed), "uid" (to get only notifications when a user changes state in respect to logins) or "machine" (to get only notifications when a virtual machine or container is started or stopped). If notifications shall be generated in all these conditions, NULL may be passed. Note that in the future additional categories may be defined. The second parameter returns a monitor object and needs to be freed with the sd_login_monitor_unref() call after use.

sd_login_monitor_unref() may be used to destroy a monitor object. Note that this will invalidate any file descriptor returned by sd_login_monitor_get_fd().

sd_login_monitor_flush() may be used to reset the wakeup state of the monitor object. Whenever an event causes the monitor to wake up the event loop via the file descriptor this function needs to be called to reset the wake-up state. If this call is not invoked, the file descriptor will immediately wake up the event loop again.

sd_login_monitor_get_fd() may be used to retrieve the file descriptor of the monitor object that may be integrated in an application defined event loop, based around poll(2) or a similar interface. The application should include the returned file descriptor as wake-up source for the events mask returned by sd_login_monitor_get_events(). It should pass a timeout value as returned by sd_login_monitor_get_timeout(). Whenever a wake-up is triggered the file descriptor needs to be reset via sd_login_monitor_flush(). An application needs to reread the login state with a function like sd_get_seats(3) or similar to determine what changed.

sd_login_monitor_get_events() will return the poll() mask to wait for. This function will return a combination of POLLIN, POLLOUT and similar to fill into the ".events" field of struct pollfd.

sd_login_monitor_get_timeout() will return a timeout value for usage in poll(). This returns a value in microseconds since the epoch of CLOCK_MONOTONIC for timing out poll() in timeout_usec. See clock_gettime(2) for details about CLOCK_MONOTONIC. If there is no timeout to wait for this will fill in (uint64_t) -1 instead. Note that poll() takes a relative timeout in milliseconds rather than an absolute timeout in microseconds. To convert the absolute 'us' timeout into relative 'ms', use code like the following:

uint64_t t;
int msec;
sd_login_monitor_get_timeout(m, &t);
if (t == (uint64_t) -1)
        msec = -1;
else {
        struct timespec ts;
        uint64_t n;
        clock_getttime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts);
        n = (uint64_t) ts.tv_sec * 1000000 + ts.tv_nsec / 1000;
        msec = t > n ? (int) ((t - n + 999) / 1000) : 0;
}

The code above does not do any error checking for brevity's sake. The calculated msec integer can be passed directly as poll()'s timeout parameter.

Return Value

On success, sd_login_monitor_new(), sd_login_monitor_flush() and sd_login_monitor_get_timeout() return 0 or a positive integer. On success, sd_login_monitor_get_fd() returns a Unix file descriptor. On success, sd_login_monitor_get_events() returns a combination of POLLIN, POLLOUT and suchlike. On failure, these calls return a negative errno-style error code.

sd_login_monitor_unref() always returns NULL.

Notes

The sd_login_monitor_new(), sd_login_monitor_unref(), sd_login_monitor_flush(), sd_login_monitor_get_fd(), sd_login_monitor_get_events() and sd_login_monitor_get_timeout() interfaces are available as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

See Also

systemd(1), sd-login(3), sd_get_seats(3), poll(2), clock_gettime(2)