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sd_bus_new, sd_bus_ref, sd_bus_unref — Create a new bus object and create or destroy references to it


#include <systemd/sd-bus.h>
int sd_bus_new(sd_bus **bus);
sd_bus *sd_bus_ref(sd_bus *bus);
sd_bus *sd_bus_unref(sd_bus *bus);


sd_bus_new() creates a new bus object. This object is reference-counted, and will be destroyed when all references are gone. Initially, the caller of this function owns the sole reference. The bus object will not be connected to any bus initially. To connect it to a bus, make sure to set an address with sd_bus_set_address(3) or a related call, and then start the connection with sd_bus_start(3).

In most cases it's a better idea to invoke sd_bus_default_user(3), sd_bus_default_system(3) or related calls instead of the more low-level sd_bus_new() and sd_bus_start(). The higher-level calls not only allocate a bus object but also start the connection to a well-known bus in a single function invocation.

sd_bus_ref() creates a new reference to bus. This bus object will not be destroyed until sd_bus_unref() has been called as many times plus once more. Once the reference count has dropped to zero, bus cannot be used anymore, so further calls to sd_bus_ref() or sd_bus_unref() are illegal.

sd_bus_unref() destroys a reference to bus.

Return Value

On success, sd_bus_new() returns 0 or a positive integer. On failure, it returns a negative errno-style error code.

sd_bus_ref always returns the argument.

sd_bus_unref always returns NULL.


Returned errors may indicate the following problems:


Memory allocation failed.


sd_bus_new() and other functions described here are available as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

See Also

systemd(1), sd-bus(3), sd_bus_default_user(3), sd_bus_default_system(3), sd_bus_open_user(3), sd_bus_open_system(3)