Index · Directives · Python · libudev · gudev systemd 215

Name

pam_systemd — Register user sessions in the systemd login manager

Synopsis

pam_systemd.so

Description

pam_systemd registers user sessions with the systemd login manager systemd-logind.service(8), and hence the systemd control group hierarchy.

On login, this module ensures the following:

  1. If it does not exist yet, the user runtime directory /run/user/$USER is created and its ownership changed to the user that is logging in.

  2. The $XDG_SESSION_ID environment variable is initialized. If auditing is available and pam_loginuid.so run before this module (which is highly recommended), the variable is initialized from the auditing session id (/proc/self/sessionid). Otherwise an independent session counter is used.

  3. A new systemd scope unit is created for the session. If this is the first concurrent session of the user, an implicit slice below user.slice is automatically created and the scope placed in it. In instance of the system service user@.service which runs the systemd user manager instance.

On logout, this module ensures the following:

  1. If this is enabled, all processes of the session are terminated. If the last concurrent session of a user ends, his user systemd instance will be terminated too, and so will the user's slice unit.

  2. If the last concurrent session of a user ends, the $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR directory and all its contents are removed, too.

If the system was not booted up with systemd as init system, this module does nothing and immediately returns PAM_SUCCESS.

Options

The following options are understood:

class=

Takes a string argument which sets the session class. The XDG_SESSION_CLASS environmental variable takes precedence. One of "user", "greeter", "lock-screen" or "background". See sd_session_get_class(3) for details about the session class.

type=

Takes a string argument which sets the session type. The XDG_SESSION_TYPE environmental variable takes precedence. One of "unspecified", "tty", "x11", "wayland" or "mir". See sd_session_get_type(3) for details about the session type.

debug[=]

Takes an optional boolean argument. If yes or without the argument, the module will log debugging information as it operates.

Module Types Provided

Only session is provided.

Environment

The following environment variables are set for the processes of the user's session:

$XDG_SESSION_ID

A session identifier, suitable to be used in filenames. The string itself should be considered opaque, although often it is just the audit session ID as reported by /proc/self/sessionid. Each ID will be assigned only once during machine uptime. It may hence be used to uniquely label files or other resources of this session.

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR

Path to a user-private user-writable directory that is bound to the user login time on the machine. It is automatically created the first time a user logs in and removed on his final logout. If a user logs in twice at the same time, both sessions will see the same $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR and the same contents. If a user logs in once, then logs out again, and logs in again, the directory contents will have been lost in between, but applications should not rely on this behavior and must be able to deal with stale files. To store session-private data in this directory, the user should include the value of $XDG_SESSION_ID in the filename. This directory shall be used for runtime file system objects such as AF_UNIX sockets, FIFOs, PID files and similar. It is guaranteed that this directory is local and offers the greatest possible file system feature set the operating system provides.

The following environment variables are read by the module and may be used by the PAM service to pass metadata to the module:

$XDG_SESSION_TYPE

The session type. This may be used instead of session= on the module parameter line, and is usually preferred.

$XDG_SESSION_CLASS

The session class. This may be used instead of class= on the module parameter line, and is usually preferred.

$XDG_SESSION_DESKTOP

A single, short identifier string for the desktop environment. This may be used to indicate the session desktop used, where this applies and if this information is available. For example: "GNOME", or "KDE". It is recommended to use the same identifiers and capitalization as for $XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP, as defined by the Desktop Entry Specification.

$XDG_SEAT

The seat name the session shall be registered for, if any.

$XDG_VTNR

The VT number the session shall be registered for, if any. (Only applies to seats with a VT available, such as "seat0")

Example

#%PAM-1.0
auth       required     pam_unix.so
auth       required     pam_nologin.so
account    required     pam_unix.so
password   required     pam_unix.so
session    required     pam_unix.so
session    required     pam_loginuid.so
session    required     pam_systemd.so

See Also

systemd(1), systemd-logind.service(8), logind.conf(5), loginctl(1), pam.conf(5), pam.d(5), pam(8), pam_loginuid(8), systemd.scope(5), systemd.slice(5), systemd.service(5)