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Name

localectl — Control the system locale and keyboard layout settings

Synopsis

localectl [OPTIONS...] {COMMAND}

Description

localectl may be used to query and change the system locale and keyboard layout settings.

The system locale controls the language settings of system services and of the UI before the user logs in, such as the display manager, as well as the default for users after login.

The keyboard settings control the keyboard layout used on the text console and of the graphical UI before the user logs in, such as the display manager, as well as the default for users after login.

Use systemd-firstboot(1) to initialize the system locale for mounted (but not booted) system images.

Options

The following options are understood:

--no-ask-password

Do not query the user for authentication for privileged operations.

--no-convert

If set-keymap or set-x11-keymap is invoked and this option is passed, then the keymap will not be converted from the console to X11, or X11 to console, respectively.

-H, --host=

Execute the operation remotely. Specify a hostname, or a username and hostname separated by "@", to connect to. The hostname may optionally be suffixed by a container name, separated by ":", which connects directly to a specific container on the specified host. This will use SSH to talk to the remote machine manager instance. Container names may be enumerated with machinectl -H HOST.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.

--version

Print a short version string and exit.

--no-pager

Do not pipe output into a pager.

The following commands are understood:

status

Show current settings of the system locale and keyboard mapping.

set-locale LOCALE...

Set the system locale. This takes one or more assignments such as "LANG=de_DE.utf8", "LC_MESSAGES=en_GB.utf8", and so on. See locale(7) for details on the available settings and their meanings. Use list-locales for a list of available locales (see below).

list-locales

List available locales useful for configuration with set-locale.

set-keymap MAP [TOGGLEMAP]

Set the system keyboard mapping for the console. This takes a keyboard mapping name (such as "de" or "us"), and possibly a second one to define a toggle keyboard mapping. Unless --no-convert is passed, the selected setting is also applied to the default keyboard mapping of X11, after converting it to the closest matching X11 keyboard mapping. Use list-keymaps for a list of available keyboard mappings (see below).

list-keymaps

List available keyboard mappings for the console, useful for configuration with set-keymap.

set-x11-keymap LAYOUT [MODEL] [VARIANT] [OPTIONS]

Set the system default keyboard mapping for X11. This takes a keyboard mapping name (such as "de" or "us"), and possibly a model, variant and options, see kbd(4) for details. Unless --no-convert is passed, the selected setting is also applied to the system console keyboard mapping, after converting it to the closest matching console keyboard mapping.

list-x11-keymap-models, list-x11-keymap-layouts, list-x11-keymap-variants [LAYOUT], list-x11-keymap-options

List available X11 keymap models, layouts, variants and options, useful for configuration with set-keymap. The command list-x11-keymap-variants optionally takes a layout parameter to limit the output to the variants suitable for the specific layout.

Exit status

On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.

Environment

$SYSTEMD_PAGER

Pager to use when --no-pager is not given; overrides $PAGER. Setting this to an empty string or the value "cat" is equivalent to passing --no-pager.

$SYSTEMD_LESS

Override the default options passed to less ("FRSXMK").

See Also

systemd(1), locale(7), locale.conf(5), vconsole.conf(5), loadkeys(1), kbd(4), The XKB Configuration Guide , systemctl(1), systemd-localed.service(8), systemd-firstboot(1)