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Name

sd-id128, sd_id128_t, SD_ID128_MAKE, SD_ID128_CONST_STR, SD_ID128_FORMAT_STR, SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL, sd_id128_equal — APIs for processing 128-bit IDs

Synopsis

#include <systemd/sd-id128.h>

pkg-config --cflags --libs libsystemd

Description

sd-id128.h provides APIs to process and generate 128-bit ID values. The 128-bit ID values processed and generated by these APIs are a generalization of OSF UUIDs as defined by RFC 4122 but use a simpler string format. These functions impose no structure on the used IDs, much unlike OSF UUIDs or Microsoft GUIDs, but are fully compatible with those types of IDs.

See sd_id128_to_string(3), sd_id128_randomize(3) and sd_id128_get_machine(3) for more information about the implemented functions.

A 128-bit ID is implemented as the following union type:

typedef union sd_id128 {
        uint8_t bytes[16];
        uint64_t qwords[2];
} sd_id128_t;

This union type allows accessing the 128-bit ID as 16 separate bytes or two 64-bit words. It is generally safer to access the ID components by their 8-bit array to avoid endianness issues. This union is intended to be passed call-by-value (as opposed to call-by-reference) and may be directly manipulated by clients.

A couple of macros are defined to denote and decode 128-bit IDs:

SD_ID128_MAKE() may be used to denote a constant 128-bit ID in source code. A commonly used idiom is to assign a name to a 128-bit ID using this macro:

#define SD_MESSAGE_COREDUMP SD_ID128_MAKE(fc,2e,22,bc,6e,e6,47,b6,b9,07,29,ab,34,a2,50,b1)

SD_ID128_CONST_STR() may be used to convert constant 128-bit IDs into constant strings for output. The following example code will output the string "fc2e22bc6ee647b6b90729ab34a250b1":

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        puts(SD_ID128_CONST_STR(SD_MESSAGE_COREDUMP));
}

SD_ID128_FORMAT_STR and SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL() may be used to format a 128-bit ID in a printf(3) format string, as shown in the following example:

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        sd_id128_t id;
        id = SD_ID128_MAKE(ee,89,be,71,bd,6e,43,d6,91,e6,c5,5d,eb,03,02,07);
        printf("The ID encoded in this C file is " SD_ID128_FORMAT_STR ".\n", SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(id));
        return 0;
}

Use sd_id128_equal() to compare two 128-bit IDs:

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
        sd_id128_t a, b, c;
        a = SD_ID128_MAKE(ee,89,be,71,bd,6e,43,d6,91,e6,c5,5d,eb,03,02,07);
        b = SD_ID128_MAKE(f2,28,88,9c,5f,09,44,15,9d,d7,04,77,58,cb,e7,3e);
        c = a;
        assert(sd_id128_equal(a, c));
        assert(!sd_id128_equal(a, b));
        return 0;
}

Note that new, randomized IDs may be generated with journalctl(1)'s --new-id option.

Notes

These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

See Also

systemd(1), sd_id128_to_string(3), sd_id128_randomize(3), sd_id128_get_machine(3), printf(3), journalctl(1), sd-journal(7), pkg-config(1), machine-id(5)